Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity, due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.
Nepal is multi-lingual, multi-cultural, multi-religious and multi-ethnic country. The total population of Nepal is 27 million and over one hundred castes and ethnic groups and over eight religious groups and ninety-two mother tongues were listed in the census 2001 (the latest census of Nepal). It is located between India in the south, east and west and China in the north, therefore it is also called a sandwiched between two countries. Moreover, it is the country of high Himalayan, mountains, artistic monuments and exotic wildlife. It offers a fantastic array of attractions for visiting tourists.
Nepal is the country of amazing extremes. There are the worlds highest mountains including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest 8848 m) towering above populated valleys and forested plains in which the lordly tiger and trundling rhinoceros live. Enchants is everywhere, be it on the shoulders of high mountains, on terraced farmlands meticulously carved liked stairways out of hiss ridges, on cascading mountain rivulets and rushing rivers, or in forests full of wildlife, flowers and bird song. Nepal provides something for everybody, either for tourist, trekker, river runner, wildlife enthusiast, artists, scholar or the weary in search of a personal Shangrila.
Nepal is the best known as the home of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain on earth. It is the land of eight out of 14 highest peaks in the world over 8000m--Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchenjunga (8586m),Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m) Annapurna (8091m). Furthermore, there is much more to offer along with mountains, from jungle to steamy jungles of the plains to the highest point on earth the range of scenery is such a diverse and spectacular which offer an unforgettable experience to those who would like to venture out into the hills, therefore, it is also called the Land of Paradise for tourists, treks and mountaineering expeditions.
The famous Himalayan range, favorable climate, the hospitality of the Nepalese people and their culture, the natural landscapes, mountains, rivers, glacial lakes, forests and wild animals are the major attractions. Nepal is a cosmopolitan mixture of diverse ethnic groups. With these all the features, the world renowned traveler writers have well admired to this country, as it has the most exhilarating titles in recognition of the cultural richness, like, living cultural museum, Shangri-La, roof of the world, birth place of the apostle of peace, country of living goddess, Himalayan pilgrimage, a tiny country of over 100 of ethnic groups and over120 spoken languages, the land of mysticism and exoticism, and of non-stop festival among other.
These are the explicit and self-explanatory. They tell to the world about the incomparable and prosperous cultural heritage of this country Nepal.
Nepal occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth is home to.
- 2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world
- 8 percent of the worlds population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4 percent of mammals on earth
- 11 of the worlds 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchid